EPISTEMOLOGY METHODOLOGY OF IMRE LAKATOS’S SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROGRAM AND CONTRIBUTION TO ISLAMIC SCIENCE

Authors

  • Muhamad Fadli Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20871/kpjipm.v9i2.296

Keywords:

Imre Lakatos, Islamic Science, Scientific Research

Abstract

This study aims to look at the contribution of Imre Lakatos’ scientific research program to Islamic scholarship. This study focuses on the relevance between the scientific research program and the integration-interconnection paradigm initiated by Amin Abdullah. This research uses a qualitative approach with a library research method, tracing writings that have a connection with the theme raised in the books and relevant recent articles. The study results found that Imre Lakatos’ scientific research program is the result of the development of its predecessors, Popper’s falsification and Thomas Kuhn’s scientific revolution. Scientific research has three important elements: 1) hard-core, which is the core of research that cannot be disturbed; 2) protective belt, which protects the hard core from being eliminated: and 3) a series of theories, which contains interrelated theories and will give birth to new theories. In Islamic scholarship, the same thing happens, except that in Islamic scholarship, no matter how complex the problem is, the hardcore can never be replaced, unlike the Lakatos research program that adapts to the context of the problem. One of the fruits of the Lakatos concept is the presence of the Integration-Interconnection paradigm initiated by Amin Abdullah at UIN Sunan Kalijaga to connect religious science with other sciences through research. Three criteria must be met so that the concept of integration-interconnection can be used in the scientific research paradigm: recognized by most of the scientific community, has become a characteristic in society, and has produced many works from the concept of integration-interconnection.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah, M. Amin. 1998. “Preliminary Remarks on the Philosophy of Islamic Religious Science.” Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies 36 (61): 1–26. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajis.1998.3661.1-26.

Afandi, Afandi, and Sajidan Sajidan. 2017. “Reinterpretasi Filsafat Sains Menurut Pandangan Karl Popper, Thomas Kunt dan Imre Lakatos.” In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Sains, 65–73. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Assya’bani, Ridhatullah. 2020. “Methodology of Scientific Reseacrh Programmes Imre Lakatos: Implikasi Terhadap Studi dan Pendidikan Islam.” At-Turas: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 7 (2): 218–31. https://doi.org/10.33650/at-turas.v7i2.1053.

Attas, Muhammad Naguib al-. 1993. Islām and Secularism. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization.

Aziz, Ahmad Amir. 2006. “Pemikiran Imre Lakatos (1922-1974) tentang Metodologi Program Riset dan Signifikansinya dalam Kajian Keislaman.” Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 1 (1): 42–55. https://doi.org/10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.42-55.

Burhanuddin, Nunu. 2015. “Pemikiran Epistemologi Barat: dari Plato Sampai Gonseth.” Intizar 21 (1): 133–46.

Fitriana, Nurin. 2020. “Optimalisasi Pemahaman Fisika Pada Hukum Newton dengan Inquiry-Heuristik Vee Berbantuan Alat Peraga.” Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang 8 (1): 73–80. https://doi.org/10.26714/jps.8.1.2020.73-80.

Förstner, Wolfgang. 2023. “Friedrich Ackermann’s Scientific Research Program.” Geo-Spatial Information Science 26 (2): 141–50. https://doi.org/10.1080/10095020.2023.2231273.

Guimarães, Gilberto de Lima, Tania Couto Machado Chianca, Vania Regina Goveia, Isabel Yovana Quispe Mendoza, Selme Silqueira de Matos, and Ligia de Oliveira Viana. 2017. “The Contribution of Imre Lakatos for Epistemological Analysis of the Brasílian Nursing Postgraduate Program.” Texto & Contexto-Enfermagem 26 (May): e384001. https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-07072017003840015.

Guna, Ahmad Saka Falwa, and Fitria Ramadhani. 2021. “Metodologi Program Riset Imre Lakatos.” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Al-Ilmi 4 (1) : 129–45. https://doi.org/10.32529/al-ilmi.v4i1.934.

Haryono, Dedi. 2014. “Gagasan Uji Teori Empiris Melalui Falsifikasi (Analisis Pemikiran Karl Popper Dalam Filsafat Ilmu).” Al-Ulum: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Keislaman 1 (1): 73–78. https://doi.org/10.31102/alulum.1.1.2014.73-78.

Honderich, Ted, ed. 2005. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Iskandar, Wahyu, Nur Rohman, and Muhammad Yusuf. 2019. “Kontribusi Pemikiran Imre Lakatos (1922-1974) dalam Pendekatan Berbasis Saintifik di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah.” Proceeding of International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIED) 4 (1): 13–21.

Karaba, Miroslav. 2022. “Religious Knowledge in the Light of Kuhn’s and Lakatos’ Methodological Conceptions.” Pensamiento. Revista de Investigación e Información Filosófica 78 (298 S. Esp): 669–87. https://doi.org/10.14422/pen.v78.i298.y2022.022.

Kesuma, Ulfa, and Ahmad Wahyu Hidayat. 2020. “Pemikiran Thomas S. Kuhn Teori Revolusi Paradigma.” Islamadina: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 21 (2): 166–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.30595/islamadina.v0i0.6043.

Kurniawan, Rofiq, and Yudi Ardian Rahman. 2021. “Revolusi Ilmiah Membedah Paradigma Sains Perspektif Thomas Khun.” Tsaqofah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.58883/tsaqofah.v5i1.76.

Lakatos, Imre. 1999. The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lakatos, Imre, and Alan Musgrave, eds. 1970. Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Latif, Mukhtar. 2014. Orientasi ke Arah Pemahaman Filsafat Ilmu. Jakarta: Kencana.

Lubis, Akhyar Yusuf. 2015. Filsafat Ilmu: Klasik Hingga Kontemporer. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Lubis, M. Iqbal, Ilyas Husti, and Bisri Mustofa. 2023. “Implementasi Konsep Integrasi Islam dan Sains UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.” At-Tarbiyah al-Mustamirrah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 4 (1): 15–28.

Mardiana, Mardiana, Dewi Tumatul Ainin, and Wahyu Iskandar. 2022. “Pemikiran Filsafat Kontemporer Imre Lakatos Terhadap Riset Pendidikan dan Sains.” Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai 6 (1): 4355–62. https://doi.org/10.31004/jptam.v6i1.3545.

Muslih, Mohammad. 2020. “Filsafat Ilmu Imre Lakatos dan Metodologi Pengembangan Sains Islam.” Tasfiyah: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 4 (1): 46–90. https://doi.org/10.21111/tasfiyah.v4i1.3962.

Mustansyir, Rizal. 2017. “Program Riset Ilmiah Imre Lakatos.” Jurnal Filsafat 17 (3): 250–69. https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.23086.

Nur, M. 2012. “Revivalisasi Epistemologi Falsifikasi.” In Right: Jurnal Agama dan Hak Azazi Manusia 2 (1): 1–14.

Riski, Maydi Aula. 2021. “Falsifikasi Karl R. Popper dan Urgensinya dalam Dunia Akademik.” Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia 4 (3): 261–72. https://doi.org/10.23887/jfi.v4i3.36536.

Sabila, Nur Akhda. 2019. “Paradigma dan Revolusi Ilmiah Thomas S. Kuhn (Aspek Sosiologis, Antropologis, dan Historis dari Ilmu Pengetahuan).” Zawiyah: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam 5 (1): 80–97.

Saepullah, Asep. 2020. “Epistemologi Falsifikasionisme Karl R. Popper: Relevansinya Bagi Teologi dan Pemikiran Keislaman.” Journal of Islamic Civilization 2 (2): 60–71. https://doi.org/10.33086/jic.v2i2.1737.

Salazar, Mauricio Oviedo. 2016. “La historia del arte como ciencia: la inserción Imre Lakatos en la definición de la disciplina.” Revista de Filosofía 41 (1): 135–52. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_RESF.2016.v41.n1.52111.

Saumantri, Theguh. 2022. “Konstruksi Pengetahuan dalam Perspektif Metodologi Program Riset Ilmiah Imre Lakatos.” Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam 14 (2): 282–99. http://dx.doi.org/10.47945/tasamuh.v14i2.680.

Setia, Adi. 2008. “Tiga Makna Sains Islam: Menuju Pengoperasionalan Islamisasi Sains.” Islamia 3 (4): 47–59.

Shibarshina, Svetlana V. 2018. “On Some Conceptual Background of Imre Lakatos’ Thought.” Epistemology & Philosophy of Science 55 (3): 52–56. https://doi.org/10.5840/eps201855347.

Sutoyo, Yongki. 2020. “Integrasi Ilmu Sebagai Paradigma Program Riset: Telaah Pemikiran Imre Lakatos.” Prosiding Konferensi Integrasi Interkoneksi Islam dan Sains 2 (March): 261–69.

Sutrisno, Sutrisno. 2006. Fazlur Rahman: Kajian Terhadap Metode Epistemologi dan Sistem Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ulum, Bahrun. 2020. “Inklusifistas Pemikiran dan Pendidikan Islam Terhadap Perspektif Karl R. Popper.” At-Tajdid: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pemikiran Islam 4 (01): 75–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/att.v4i01.1225.

Ulya, Inayatul, and Nuskhan Abid. 2015. “Pemikiran Thomas Kuhn dan Relevansinya Terhadap Keilmuan Islam.” Fikrah 3 (2): 249–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v3i2.1797.

Verhaak, C., and R. Haryono Imam. 1991. Filsafat Ilmu Pengetahuan. Seri Filsafat Driyakarta 1. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Widodo, Sembodo Ardi. 2020. Filsafat Ilmu dan Pendekatan Keilmuan dalam Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Idea Press Yogyakarta.

Yuslih, Muhammad. 2021. “Epistemologi Pemikiran Karl R Popper dan Relevansinya dengan Pemikiran Islam.” Journal Scientific of Mandalika (JSM) 2 (9): 438–44. https://doi.org/10.36312/10.36312/vol2iss9pp438-444.

Published

2023-12-08

How to Cite

Fadli, M. (2023). EPISTEMOLOGY METHODOLOGY OF IMRE LAKATOS’S SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROGRAM AND CONTRIBUTION TO ISLAMIC SCIENCE. Kanz Philosophia: A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, 9(2), 395–420. https://doi.org/10.20871/kpjipm.v9i2.296

Issue

Section

Articles