Tafsīr Al-Hukamā’: Memotret Persinggungan Tafsir Al-Qur’an Dan Tradisi Hikmah

Asep N. Musadad

Abstract

This paper discusses a neglected exegetical tradition in the Qur’anic studies, namely the heritage of “tafsīr al-ẖukamā’”, (tafsīr of the theosophers/ẖikmah masters) which is the representation of the ẖikmah (theosophical) tradition in the Islamic philosophy. In  addition  to  the  study  of  “tafsīr  al-falāsifah”  (tafsir  of  Hellenistic/Peripatetic philosophers), this heritage is an area of study that needs further exploration in the light of philosophical school of Qur’anic exegesis. It is mainly motivated by the revision of the history of Islamic philosophy in general, that must include “ẖikmah” tradition as  the  integral  part.  In  turn,  the  study  of  Qur’anic  exegesis  should  also  correspond with the development of the discourse. Started with a discussion related to the ẖikmah tradition,  this  paper  focuses  on  two  major  issues.  Firstly,  it  highlights  the  contact between  Qur’anic  exegesis  and  ẖikmah  tradition  in  a  historical  and  chronological context. Secondly, it also explains the intersection of both in epistemological relation. This  research  shows  that  through  examining  some  Qur’anic  commentaries  written by  theolosophers  such  as  Suhrāwardī,  Mullā  Shadrā,  up  to  the  current  tradition, the treasury tafsīr hukamā’ has a rich but still abandoned material. In addition, this tradition  also  has  a  distinguishing  epistemological  characteristic compared to other with tafsir traditions.



Keywords


Hikmah (theosophy); ẖukamā’; philosophical exegesis; epistemological recons- truction; Hellenistic philosophers

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