Posisi Tasawuf Teoretis dalam Tinjauan Logika Tafsir Al-Qur’an

Cipta Bakti Gama

Abstract

This  paper  addresses  the  issue  of  how  the  position  of  theoretical  Sufism  in  the interpretation  of  the  Qur’an.  Departing  from  some  reasons  for  rejecting  the  validity of  Sufistic  method  of  Qur’anic  interpretation  (isharī  method),  the  author  sees  the need  to  explain  the  nature  of  theoretical  Sufism  and  its  position  based  on  the  logic of  Qur’anic  exegesis.  Some  important  points  which  the  author  tries  to  show  in  this paper are five principles, as follows: First, the theoretical Sufism could be positioned as  a  source  of  interpretation  of  the  Qur’an.  Second,  shuhūd  ‘irfānī  which  is  the  main foundation of theoretical Sufism could be positioned as a source of interpretation of the Qur’an, in the context of the disclosure of meaning, not in the explanation of it. Third, theoretical Sufism might be used as a source or indicator to determine a position in the interpretation of the Qur’an. Fourth, every hypothetical (zhannī) proposition in the Qur’ānic interpretation must not conflict with the certaint (qaṭ’ī) rational proposition in the theoretical Sufism. Fifth, Sufistic interpretation of the Qur’an is a particular form of a set of method of Qur’anic interpretation, which can be combined with the other methods, to achieve an eclectic and holistic interpretation of the Qur’an. The author also gives an example as the application of those five principles in the interpretation of the meaning of khalīfah fī al-ardh in al-Baqarah [2]: 30.



Keywords


Theoretical Sufism; the logic of Qur’ānic exegesis; shuhūd ‘irfānī; ‘aqlī-burhānī

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