Lokalitas, Islamisitas dan Globalitas : Tafsir Falsafi dalam Pengembangan Pemikiran Peradaban Islam

M. Amin Abdullah

Abstract

Abstract : This paper attempts to consider how the history of world religions, including the history of Islamic civilization, always have, through and documenting the cultural encounter, i.e. the relationship between center and periphery and the experience of the encounter in the frontier. Two-ways relationship shaping a dyadic pattern, that is the encounter of Muslim with the local culture in which the regional and national states dimensions is being ignored, or vice versa, and also an encounter of Muslim with the nation states which forgetting the aspirations and local culture, yet to meet and to relate the two with international issues, either an encounter of religion and international community as well, is almost impossible to bring about the new problems within the  dynamics of the global era today. Thus, the role of philosophical interpretation and contemporary Islamic philosophy is to provide a discern socio-cultural analysis in its interplay more complete and accurate between regional, national and mondial.

Keywords : Philosophical interpretaion, cultural encounters, the perma-nence, the change, univocality of being, gradation of being, maqāṣid sharī’ah, interpreted sharī’ah, Islamicate

 

Abstrak : Tulisan ini mencoba menilik bagaimana sejarah agama-agama dunia, termasuk sejarah peradaban Islam, selalu mengalami, melalui dan mendokumentasikan proses hubungan perjumpaan yang bercorak kultural (cultural encounter), baik hubungan antara pusat dan pinggir (centre and periphery) maupun pengalaman perjumpaan di wilayah tapal batas (frontier). Hubungan dua arah yang bercorak diadik, yaitu perjumpaan pemeluk agama Islam dengan budaya lokal dengan melupakan dimensi regionalitas dan nasionalitas (nation states) atau sebaliknya, juga perjumpaan pemeluk agama Islam dengan negara-bangsa (nation states) dengan melupakan aspirasi dan budaya lokal, belum lagi menghubungkan dan memperjumpakan keduanya dengan isu-isu global-internasional (world citizenship), begitu pula perjumpaan agama dan masyarakat internasional dengan menepikan keterkaitannya dengan permasalahan lokal dan nasional (nation states) hampir-hampir tidak mungkin dapat menyelesaikan masalah-masalah baru pada era digital global seperti saat sekarang ini. Di sinilah peran tafsir falsafi dan filsafat Islam kontemporer dalam memberi ketajaman analisis sosial kultural dan saling keterkaitan antara regional, nasional dan mondial yang lebih utuh dan akurat.

Kata kunci : Tafsir falsafi, perjumpaan budaya (cultural encounters), yang tetap, yang berubah, univokalitas wujud, gradasi wujud, maqāshid syarī’ah, interpreted syarī’ah, Islamicate




Keywords


Tafsir falsafi; Perjumpaan budaya (cultural encounters); Yang tetap; Yang berubah; Univokalitas wujud; Gradasi wujud; Maqāshid syarī’ah; Interpreted syarī’ah; Islamicate

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