THE MYSTERY OF HUMAN PERSON: MYSTICAL ANTHROPOLOGY IN HAMZAH FANSURI’S SHA‘ĪR

Bagus Laksana

Abstract

Abstract : This essay endeavors to look closely at the mystical theological anthropology of Hamzah Fansuri, the first and one of the greatest Sufi writers in the Malay world. Mystical anthropology is arguably the underlying theme of all Fansuri’s poems and he develops this mystical discourse on the theomorphic dignity of every human person, together with the dynamic of return to God, by using some quite original imageries and symbolisms of his own. However, Fansuri’s mystical theological anthropology belongs to the tradition of Ibn al-‘Arabī (the Wujūdiyyah doctrine), while his works also betray familiarity with and the influence of other great mystics of Islam, such as ‘Aṭṭār and Ḥāfiẓ.

Key words : Fansuri, Islamic mysticism, Sufism, anthropology, union with God 

 

Abstrak : Tulisan ini mencermati antropologi mistik Hamzah Fansuri, seorang tokoh Sufi Melayu awal dan salah satu yang terbesar. Bisa dikatakan bahwa antropologi mistik adalah sebuah tema mendasar yang melandasi seluruh syair Fansuri.  Fansuri mengembangkan wacana mistik mengenai martabat teomorfis manusia dan dinamika perjalanan manusia kembali menuju Tuhan, dengan menggunakan beberapa gambaran dan simbolisme yang cukup orisinil. Meskipun demikian, pemahaman antropologi teologis-mistis yang dikembangkan Fansuri termasuk dalam tradisi Ibn al-‘Arabī  (ajaran Wujūdiyyah). Di samping  itu, karya-karya Fansuri juga memperlihatkan keakrabannya dengan, dan pengaruh dari,  para Sufi besar lainnya, misalnya ‘Aṭṭār dan Ḥāfiẓ.

Kata kunci : Fansuri, Mistisisme Islam, Sufisme, antropologi, kesatuan dengan Tuhan




Keywords


Fansuri; Islamic mysticism; Sufism; anthropology; union with God

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References


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